A New System of Chemical Philosophy Volume 1-2

John Dalton

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1810 edition. Excerpt: ... COMPOUNDS OF TWO ELEMENTS. J.N order to understand what is intended to be signified by binary and ternary compounds, &c. the reader is referred to page 213 and seq. Some persons are used to denominate all compounds, where only two elements can be discovered, binary compounds such, for inT stance, as nitrous gas, nitrous oxide, nitric acid, &c. in all of which we find only azote and oxygen. But it is more consistent with our views to restrict the term binary, to signify tico atoms ternary, to signify three atoms, &c. whether those atoms be elementary or otherwise that is, whether they are the atoms of undecompounded bodies, as hydrogen and oxygen, or the atoms of compound bodies, as water and ammonia. In each of the following sections, we shall consider the compounds of some two of the elementary or undecompounded bodies beginning each section with the binary compounds, then proceeding to the ternary compounds, or at least to those which consist of three atoms, though they may be binary in the sense we use the term and so on to the more complex forms. This chapter will comprehend all the aeriform bodies that have not been considered in the last, several of the acids, the alkalies, the earths, and the metallic oxides, sulphurets, carburets, and phosphurets. . In treating of these articles, I intend to adopt the most common names for them but it will be obvious, that if the doctrine herein contained be established, a renovation of the chemical nomenclature will in some cases be expedient. Section I. OXYGEN WITH HYDROGEN . 1. Water.. This liquid, the most useful and abundant of any in nature, is now well known both by analytic and synthetic methods, to be a compound of the two elements, oxygen and hydrogen. Canton has proved that...