A New Directory for the East-Indies : I. the First Discoveries Made in the East-Indies by European Voyagers and Travellers, II. the Origin, Construction, and Application of Nautical and Hydrographical Charts, III. the Natural Causes, and Observed Phaenomen

Will Herbert

Excerpt from A New Directory for the East-Indies: I. The First Discoveries Made in the East-Indies by European Voyagers and Travellers, II. The Origin, Construction, and Application of Nautical and Hydrographical Charts, III. The Natural Causes, and Observed Phaenomena, of the Constant and Variable Winds As Geography is a description of the Earth, so Hydrography is a description of the Oceans and Seas, with all the things appertaining to them such as the coasts, rocks, shoals, sands, soundings, currents, winds, calms and whatever else is incident to that great assemblage of waters, which is bounded by the sea-shores, throughout the world. In the science of Hydrography, the principal places near the sea coasts are laid down in maps and charts, from accurate astronomical observations and the interjacent places are delineated by surveys and draughts taken on the spot the soundings or uneven depths of the seas, are measured the currents are observed the constant and variable winds, at different times and places, are noted and finally, the knowledge of these, and whatever else is incident to the track or path in which a ship is to be conducted, being attained, it is applied for facilitating voyages, from the shorter ones to those of the most distant places. In the present Treatise, the science of Hydrography is treated in the following order, namely: 1st. An historical account is given of the voyages that were made by Europeans, in order to discover the East-Indies who the persons were, and the steps, from time to time, by which the discoveries were made. 2d. The reasons for forming hydrographical charts, the principles on which they are constructed, their use, and the improvements that have been made in them by the hydrographers of different European Countries. 3d. The cause of the winds that are either constant or variable the trade-winds and monsoons with a large account of them as they are found at sea, over all the oceans that are passed, in voyages to, from, and throughout, the East-Indies. 4th. An ample description of the currents, as they are found in those oceans and seas with the cause of their formation, changes, and alteration. 5th. A description of the coasts throughout the East-Indies, and other places touched at by the East-India ships together with an account of the hills, sea-marks, rocks, shoals, sands, soundings, tides, &c. that are necessary to be known, in order either to prevent ships from being lost in those seas, or from prolonging their voyages. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.